The Facts About Anxiety Disorders and How to Stop a Anxiety Attacks

Panic Attacks, Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Anxiety is a feeling of nervousness or restlessness usually felt when a person faces a situation or hears news that causes fear or worry. Usually, people will experience it when faced with certain conditions, for example, before an exam, when they have to make an important decision, or when meeting a match. Sport 

However, anxiety needs to be watched out for if it appears for no reason or is challenging to control because it can occur due to anxiety disorders. Anxiety and anxiety disorders are not the same. Anxiety is considered normal if it is still under control and disappears after the triggering factors for the emergence of anxiety is resolved. If you have an anxiety disorder, it's easy to worry about things, even in everyday situations. 

Types of Anxiety Disorders

  • Panic Disorder

Panic disorder can appear suddenly and repeatedly for no apparent reason. A person experiencing this condition generally also shows physical symptoms such as excessive sweating, chest pain, headache, shortness of breath, and an irregular heartbeat. Panic attacks can be experienced anytime and anywhere. Some people may experience a panic attack in just minutes, while others may experience it for hours.

  • Social anxiety disorder

Social anxiety disorder, or social anxiety, is an extreme fear that arises when you are around many people. In contrast to shyness or nervousness which generally only lasts for a short time, this condition actually lasts continuously for a long time.  

The source of social anxiety is the fear of being observed, judged, or judged in front of others. Social anxiety disorder is a type of complex phobia. This type of phobia has a destructive impact, even paralyzing the life of the sufferer.  

  • Specific Phobias

Specific phobias are also included in the type of anxiety disorder. This condition is an excessive and persistent fear of particular objects, situations, or activities that are generally harmless, such as spider phobia, height phobia, balloons, food, blood, and so on. People with this condition know that the fear they are experiencing is excessive, but they cannot overcome it.

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder is chronic anxiety characterized by excessive worry and tension. This type of anxiety disorder lasts continuously and tends to get out of control. People with generalized anxiety disorder can be very restless even when they are not in stressful situations. Physical symptoms, such as restlessness, sometimes accompany excessive worry, difficulty concentrating and sleeping.

  • Agoraphobia

People with agoraphobia have feelings of fear and often avoid places or situations that cause them to feel panicked, trapped, unable to ask for help, and embarrassed. Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder. There is an excessive feeling of fear and worry when the sufferer finds it difficult to leave or feels unable to ask for help from anyone. Usually, people with agoraphobia will feel panic and anxiety while traveling, on public transportation.

  • Selective Mutism

This anxiety disorder is characterized by children who cannot speak in certain conditions or situations. For example, a child suddenly can't talk while playing with his friends at school, or when he meets distant relatives who rarely see each other, even though when at home or elsewhere, the child does not have a problem speaking. If not addressed immediately, this condition can affect their activities at school. When the child grows up, it could be that this problem will arise at work or in other situations when he has to communicate with other people.

  • Separation anxiety disorder

Children usually experience these symptoms during their growth and development. Usually, this condition is caused by the separation between the child and his parents or a substitute parent figure around him. It usually starts to go away around the age of three. But in some children, separation anxiety can be a sign of a more severe condition.


Anxiety Disorder Symptoms

Experts believe that one of the causes of the disorder is triggered by genetics. So, if you have a parent or sibling who has an anxiety disorder, you are at high risk for it too. One of the essential things about anxiety is that internal thought processes and self-destructive thoughts drive fear.

Traumatic events in the past and long-term stress can also cause a person to experience a chronic anxiety disorder. This condition can also be caused due to certain medical conditions. In some cases, signs and symptoms of anxiety are the first indicators of a medical illness.

In more extreme cases, a person may experience intense anxiety or a tendency to experience dramatic stress or even panic attacks. When this pattern occurs, the mind that perpetuates fear also warns the body that it will feel anxious, causing anticipation and anxiety to increase. That's a simple way that causes a person to experience an anxiety attack.

How To Stop Panic Attack?

If you feel signs of an anxiety attack and feel disturbed so that life becomes uncomfortable, maybe you can try the following ways to overcome it:

Positive Thinking

The way to deal with anxiety attacks is to make your heart and mind more positive. Get rid of the inner voice or whisper in your heart or mind that is causing you anxiety. 

Try to be brave to overcome the anxiety that arises in you. Do not lose and give up because it will harm you. Even when excessive anxiety arises, you should not listen to negative inner voices and thoughts so that anxiety attacks do not get worse. Even though it doesn't seem easy, you can train yourself always to think positively.

Anxiety Exercises to Help You Relax 

Exercise is beneficial in reducing anxiety because it releases brain chemicals, such as endorphins, reduces immune system chemicals that can make a person feel sad, and raises body temperature, which can help you feel calmer. Psychologically, exercise can help you feel confident, take care of yourself, increase social interactions, and support coping with stress healthily.

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